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What Do You Need To Know About Intrauterine Device

What Do You Need To Know About Intrauterine Device

 

Intrauterine device ( IUDs) are used to prevent pregnancy, although it’s not for permanent birth control. It is a small T-Shaped plastic device that is wrapped in copper and contains hormones. It is inserted into the uterus and a plastic string is tied to the end of the IUD and it hangs down the cervix into the vagina, you can check if the IUD is in place by feeling the string and it allows doctors to easily remove it by pulling the string.

Types:

  • Hormonal IUDs:

This IUD releases levonorgestrel, which is a form of hormone ‘Progestin’. The hormonal IUD is slightly less effective in preventing pregnancy than the other type of IUD i.e Copper IUD. It prevents pregnancy for at least  3-5 years.

  • Copper IUDs.

This IUD is the most commonly used. It is a copper device in a T-shape and stay in place for upto 10 years and is a highly effective form of contraception.

  • How it works.

Both the type of IUDs prevents fertilization of the egg, by killing the sperm. It also affects the uterine, i.e where a fertilized egg would implant and grow. P.S -  If you do get pregnant while still IUD inside, may sure to get it removed as it can cause miscarriage. 

  • Insertion.

Process: To put the IUD in, the doctor will insert a speculum in your vagina and then use a special inserter to put the IUD through the opening of your cervix and into your uterus. The process usually takes less than five minutes.

You can have IUD inserted at anytime, as long as you are not pregnant and you don’t have a pelvic infection. Sometimes a local anesthetic is injected into the area around the cervix, but it’s not always needed.

  • Effects:
  1. Hormonal IUD reduces the menstrual bleeding and cramps, whereas the copper IUD may increase the blow flow and the cramps.
  2. IUD reduces the chances of pregnancy.
  3. Does not cause weight gain.
  4. May cause back pain, headache, nausea, vomiting, bloating and mild dizziness  headache, nervousness, mild dizziness.

Pro Tips: 

  1. Get IUD inserted during your period as the cervix is more open as it eases the insertion process.
  2. Take some pain killer before the procedure, so that it helps ease your pain.

Now, getting an IUD put in may sound scary, but it can be a smart choice for many women. One minute of pain is well worth of few years of birth control. Living without heavy bleeding and menstrual cramps for few years  also Sounds great, Doesn’t it?

 

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